-
1/2009 
  1/2009
: 2008   2007   2006   2005   
2004   2003   2002
  -







˭,
,

­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­: ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­­­, ­­­­ ­, ­­­ , ­­­ ­. ³­­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­.

­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­ ( ­ ­ ­) " ­": ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­ , ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­ , ­ ­.

­­­­: ­­ , ­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­. ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­, '­, , ­, ­ ­   ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­; ­, ­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­­ '­­ ­­ ( ­ ) ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­. ­­   ­ ­­­­ ­ , ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­.

ϳ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ . ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ 800 ­, ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­   ­­ ­­­ "­ ­­­". ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ 30 ­­­ .

­­­ ­­ , ­ ­ "­­­ ­­", ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­ ­­­ ­ , ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ , ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ (?!).

­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­, ­ ­, "­­­ ­" (­ , ­ ­),   ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ "­­" ­ ­­. ­, ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­. ­­ ­, ­­­­ ­­, ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­.

­­ ò ­­ ­

­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­, , ­­­. ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ , ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ "­­­" ­­ ' ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­.

­­ ( ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­) ­ ­­­­ ­, ­­ 2007 2008 . ­ "­­", "­ ­", "­­­ ­ ­" . ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­; ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ; ­­ , ­­­­ ­, ­­ (Knowledge society) ­.

­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­ , ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ 20 25 ! ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­­ . ­­­­­­­ ­­­ (­­­) ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ (­ ­­­­­­), ­ , ­ ­­, , ­­, ­, ­ ­.

­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­   ­, ­, ­.

, ­ ­ ­ ­' ­­.

­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­; ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ , ­ ­­­ ­ ­­; , ­, ­­, ­­­ ­­­­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­.

­ ­ ­­, ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­. ­ "­­­" '­­­, ­    ­­ ­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­ . ­­­­ ­   ­­­ . ­ ­ , ­, ­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ , ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­, , , ­­, ͳ­. ­ ­ ­ ­, ­, ­­­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­. , ­­ ­ , ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ( ­­ ­­­ ­­) ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­­­?

­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ . ­, ­­, ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­­­­ ( ­­ 5 7% ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ 300% ­ ­­). ͳ ­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­   ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­. ͳ ­ ­­­ ­ ­, , ­ ­­, ­, ­­, ­­ ­­. ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­. , ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­.

­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­­­, ­­­­ ­­ , ­­­­­ ­­ ­ . ­ ­­ ­ , ­­, ­'­. ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­. ­, ­­ ­.

­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ , ­­, ­­­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­.

­ ­ ­­­­ ­. ­­­ (­ ­­ ­) , ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ "­­ ­ ­­­­". ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ (­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­), ­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ 11 ­­ 2003 . " ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­". ­ , ­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­, ­­ ­.

­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­ .

ֲ˲ֲ (­ ­­) ʲ ­ֲ ­

­­:

1. ­­­ ­­­­ ( ­ ), ­ ­­­­­ (­ ­, ­ ­ ­) "­" ­ ­, ­­ ;

2. ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ , ( ­­) ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­    ­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­­­­ ' ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­. ­ ­? ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ . ­­ ­ ­­.

­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­, ­, ­­­ ­,  ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ . ­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­­ ­   ­ ­­­­. ­­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­, ­­, , ­­, ⳿. ­ ­ ­ ­­ , ­­, ­­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­, ­, / ­ , ­ ­ 5% ­­­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ / ­ ­­­ 51% ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­­, ­­, ­ ­­­­­ . ­ ­    ­­­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ , ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­.

­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­. ­ ( ­) ­ '   , ­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ҳ (­­­ ­­) ­ ­­­­ ­, ( ­) ­ ­­­ ­ ­. ­­­­ ­­ ­­, 107 ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­   14,5 ­    ­ ­­ , ­ 90 ­   ­ ­ , ­­­­ ­, ­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ( ­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­) ­, ­ ­­­­ ­, ­ ­­­­. ϳ ­ ­ ' ­­ ­ ­­­ , ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ , ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­, ­­, ­ ­ ­,   ­­­ ­ , , ­, ­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ , ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­   ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­. , ­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­. ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­. ֳ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­. ­. ­. ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­.

­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ' , ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­, ­­, ­­­ ( ­ ­ , ­ ­). ­, ­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­   ­­ ­. ­­­, ­ ­­ , ­. ϳ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ .

­ ­ ­­Ͳ ­ ­­­ ֲ­ί ­­

­­ ­ '   ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ , ­­ ­ ­­­   ­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ '. ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ 10 , 70% ­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ͳ ­­­, ­ ­ ? ­ ­­ ­ , ­­ ­ (85%, ­­­­­ ­­­ ­) ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ '. ­, ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ 15 10% ­­­ ­ , ­­­­ ­ ­­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ (­ ­­­­) ­, , '­ ­­ ­. 85 ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­ (' ­), ­­ ( ­­­­­­ ­­­ ) ­ ­­­­ ­ . ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­. ­­­­­, ­ ­ ­, ­ ̲, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­.

­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ (), ­­­ ­ ­­ ' ­­­, ­­ (­­­ ­­­­) ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­. ­­­:

1. ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ , ­ ­­­ ­. ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ , ­, ­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ , .

2. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ . ­ ­­­ ­­. ³­ ­­ "" ­­­, ­­ ­. ³­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­ .

3. ­ ­­­ ­ (, ' ), ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ . ³ ­ ­­­­ ­   ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ , ­­ ­ ­­ , ­­ .

4. '­­ ­­ , ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­, , ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­    ­­ ­.

­ ­­­­, ­ "­­" ­ ­­­­ ­, : ­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­   ­­­ ­ ­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­, ­, ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­. ­, ­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­ , , ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­. , ­­­ ­ . ­­­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­­­­ (­­ ­­, ­ ­­­) ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­­, ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­­­ ­­. , ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­. ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ . ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­.

­ Ҳ ­Ͳ

­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­­­­ ­, ­ ­­­ 20 25%    ­­­, ­­ . ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­­­ ­. г ­, ­ ­ ­­: 1) ­­­ ­­ ­­­ (­­ ­) 2) ­­­ ­­­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­; ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ . ­­ ( ­ ­­) ­.

­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­ ' ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ , ­ 90% ' ­ ­­­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­ . ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ (), ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ (­ ­­ ­) ­­­­­­ , ­­­­ , ­­ '­ ­­ , ­­­­ ̳­­. ­ ­, ( ­) ­­­. ­ ­ (!). ­ ­­ ̳­ ­, ­ ­. ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ( ) ­­, ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­    ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­   ­ ­­, "" "" ­­, ­­­ "­­" ­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­­­    ­ ­, ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­. ­   ­­ ­. ͳ ­­ ­ ­ ­. ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ . ­­­­ ­ ­ , ­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ( ­ ­­­­), ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­.

­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­, ­­. ­ ­­   ­­­ ­­­­ '­ ­ ­. ­­­­ (­ ­ ) ­­ ­­ ­ , ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ . ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­.

­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­. 450   ­ ­­­, ­­­­. ­ ­ ­ ­. , ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ , ­­ ­ , ­­ ­'­ ­­­ ­ . ­­ ­­ ­ 50 . ­, ­ ­, ­­ ­­ . ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­. 400 ­­, ­ ­­ .

­ ­­ (­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­) ­ ­ ­. ­­ : 1) ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­­ ­­­­, ­­­­, ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­; 2) ­ ­­ ­; 3) ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ (­­­ ).

­­­  ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­ (, ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­), ­ (­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ , ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­) ­­ (­) .

­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­­­ ­ ­   ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­. , ' ­ , ­ ­­, ­­­.

­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­. ­­, ­­­ ­ ­, ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­, ­­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­: ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­ ( ­­­­ "" ­­­ ­) ­ (­, ­­) ­.

˲­ ­­­ ­­­­

­­ ­   ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­­: ­­ ­­, ­­ ­, ­­­ ­ 90% ­­­ ­, ­ ­, ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­. ­? ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ , ­ ­­­. ­­ ­ , ­­ ­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­'. ­, ­ ­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­ (30% ­ ­ ­­) ­ , ­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­ . ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­, ­­­ , ­ ­­­ . ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ , ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­.

­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­. , ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ : ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ '­   ­, ­ ­­­ ­ (­­ ­­­­ ­ ­, ­­­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­­ ­­­­­ ). ­­­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­, ­­.

­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ .

­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ "­­" ­ .

­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­, ­ ­­­ . ­, ­ ­ ­­­­ ­, ­ ­­­­ .



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