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1/2009 
  1/2009
: 2008   2007   2006   2005   
2004   2003   2002
  -







έέͲ ˲ ϭ­˲Ͳ ʲ ²

ɭܭέ,
, ,

,

­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ . ­­ ­­    ­­ ­­­ ­ . ­­­­ ­, , ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­ . ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­.

­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ , ­­, ­­­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­, ­­, '­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­, ­, ­­ ­ ­ , ­ ­­­­­ ­, ­­­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­㳿.

­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ [4; 5]. ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ '­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ , ­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­, ­­ ­­ ­ , , ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, , ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ .

2000 ­ 189 ­    ­­­ ­­ ­­   ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ . ­­­ ­­­ ­­ 2015 . ­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­    ­ ­­­­ . ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ , ­­ ­ ­­ . ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ , ­­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ .

­ , ­­   ­, ­­­­ ­, ­ ­­­­­ ­­­­ ' ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­.

­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ , ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­ ­ : ­­ ­ ­­­ ­; ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­; ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­, '­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­; ­ ­­ ­ (­­, , '­) 񳺿 ­­ ­.

­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ [6; 5].

­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­   ­, , ­­, , ­­, ­ . , ­ . . ­­, ­­­ ­­ , ­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­, ­, ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­㳿, ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­, ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­.

­ ­ ­ , ­­­ ­­­, ­­­­ , :

 1)  ­ ­­ ' ­­­, ­ (­, , ­­, ­­ ­);

 2)  ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ (­ ­, ­­ ­­);

 3)  ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ' , ­­ ­­;

 4)  ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ (­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­);

 5)  ­­­ ' ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­;

 6)  ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­;

 7)  ­­ ­ ­­­ ­;

 8)  ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­;

 9)  ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­;

 10)  ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ;

 11)  ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ;

 12)  ­­­­ ­ ­­ ' ­­ ­ [1; 4; 8].

­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ . ­ ­­­    ­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­ , , ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ , ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­­­­ ­.

­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ " ­ " [3] " ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­" [5], ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­. ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­: ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ , ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­ . ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­.

­­ "­" ­­­ ­­­­, ­­, , ­­­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­, , ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­; ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­­. ­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­ , ­­ ­.

­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­: 1) ­­ ­­ , ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­; 2) ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ; 3) ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ [6; 8]. ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­, ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­, ­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ '­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­­. ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ , ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­, ­ , ­­, ­­­­­ ­­.

­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­

­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ , ­­­㳿 ­­㳿 ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­: ­, , ­­ ­, ­­, ­­, ­, ­­ ­ ­. ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­.

­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­   ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­   ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ , ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­.

­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­: ­­ ­ ­­, ­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­.

­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­ , ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ [1; 5].

­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­: ­­­ (­­­ ­ ­) ­­ (­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ). ­­ "­ " ­ ­­­ ­­: ­­­­, ­­, ­ , ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­㳿. ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­: ­ ­­­­, ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ . ­­­ ­­ ', ­­­.

­ ­­­­    ­ ­, ­, ­­, ' (­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­, ­ ­ ­), ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­.

­ ­    ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ , ­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­. ­­ ­   ­­ ­ (­­­ ­­   ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­; ­­    ­­­; ­   ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ );   ­­­ ­­ ­­ .

­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­­­ , ­­­­­, ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­. ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ , ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­.

­ ­    ­ ( ­­, ­, ­) ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ '­ ­ ­­ ­­­­.

­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ . ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­.

' ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­, ­­­ , ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ , ­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ , ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ' ­ ­ ­ [2; 4; 6].

­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ , ­­­ ­­ [1; 8], ­­ .

 1. ­ ­­­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­­­, , ­­­ ­; ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ( ­ ­­­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­); ­­­­ ­­ ­; ­­­­ ­ ­.

 2. ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­. , ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­, ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­.   ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ; ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­; ­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­.

 3.  ­­­ ­ ­: ­­­ ­­, ­­­­, ­­­­­ ­ , ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­; ­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­; ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­.

 4.  ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ( ­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­­­, ­ ­ ­.

 5.  ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­. ֳ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­   ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ . ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ' ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ' ­ ­, ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ , ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­.

 6.  ­­ ­­­ . ϳ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ , ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­ , ­ ­.

­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ , ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ . ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ̳ ­­ ­. ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ , ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ̳ ­.

­­ , ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ . ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ . ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ , ­­­ ̳ ­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­­ 10 .

­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ , , ­­ ­ ­­­ (­­­) ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ , ­­ ­­­ (). ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ , ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­, , ' ­.

ij ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ [1; 4]. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ , ­­­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­.

­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ . ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­.

­­ ­­­­­­ ­­ ­­ . ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­, '­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­ 䳺 ­­ ­ .

­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ . ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ .

­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­. ­­㳿 ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ . ­ ­­, ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ .

 

.   2003.

 4.  ­ .. ­ ­­ ­­ ­ // ­­ ­­.   2007. 1.

 5.  ­ ­ // ­ ­.   1999.  6.   . 11 14.

 6.  ­­ . . ­­­ ­­­­.   ­.  2001.   . 38.

 7.  ­­­ . . .: 7 ., .5.   : . 1958.   . 118.

 8.  . ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ // ­.   2003.   . 6.   . 3.   . 47.

 9.  . . ­­­ ­­­㳿 ­ // ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­: ­ ­. ­. . . (28 30 . 1998 .).   .: ­, ­, ­, , 1998.   . 13 14.

 10.  ­­­­ . . ­­­.   .: ­­­, 1982.



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