-
1/2009 
  1/2009
: 2008   2007   2006   2005   
2004   2003   2002
,
  -







IJ ²

,
, 쳿 ,  쳿

­ ­ ­ ­­­­­, ­, ­­­ , ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ (, , ­­­, , ­) ­­ ­­ ­ (­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ) ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­, ­­ ­ ­ ­.

̳­­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­ , ­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ , ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ , ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ .

­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ 12 ­ 1949 . (I ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ; II ­ ­ ­­­, ­ , ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ; III ­ ­­­ ­­­­­­­; IV ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ), ­­ ­­­ 8 ­ 1977 . (I ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ II ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­), ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ .

̳­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­. ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ 1949 ­ ­­­­ ­­ 1 1977 .

­­ ­­­ ­­ ­'­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ , ­­­ ­­­ ­. ֳ ­'­­ ­ ­­­ , ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ , ­ ­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­.

­­­ ­ 1949 ­ (. 50 I ­, . 51 II ­, . 130 III ­ . 147 IV ­) ­­ ­­­­ 䳿, ­­ ­ ­, , ­­­­ ­­ 򳺿 ­­ ­:

 1. ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­: ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ( ­­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ , ­­ ­ ­');

 2. ­­­, ­­­ I, II IV ­: ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­;

 . ­­­, ­­­ III IV ­: ­ ­­­­­­­ ­ ­, ­ , ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­; ­­­ ­­­­­­­ ­ ­, ­ , ­­­­­ ­­­­, ­­­­ ­;

 4. ­­­, ­­­ ­ IV ­: ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­.

  ­­­­ ­­ I ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ( 11, 85, 86):

 1. ­­ ( ), ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­.

 2. ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ , ­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ 44, 45 73 ­­­ ( . 44 ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­­: . 45    ­ , ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­­­­; . 73    ­ ­­­­), ­ ­­­, ­ , ­ ­­­ , ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­.

 3. ij, ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ , ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­':

 ) ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ' ­­;

 ) ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ', ­ ­, 䳿 ­ ­­ ­ , ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ';

 ) ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­ ­­­;

 ) ­­­­ ­­, ­­­­, ­­­­ ' ­­;

 ) ­ ­­ , ­­­ ­ ­­ ;

 ) ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­.

 4. ij, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­:

 ) ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ (­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­);

 ) ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­­ ­ ;

 ) ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ , ­­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­;

 ) ­­­­ ' ­­ ­­ ', ­ ­­­ ­­ (­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ );

 ) ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­­ ­­­­;

 5) ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­.

­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ (. 85 . 5 ­­­­ ­­­ I). ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­. ­­­ ­­ ­­ 1919 ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ( ­­­­, ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­), ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ , ­­­ ­­ ­ (­ ­­ ­, ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­; ­, ­­­ ­­­­­­ , ­­­­ ; ­ ­­; ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­; ­­ ­­­ ; ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­, ).

­ ­­­­, ­ ­ 1949 ­ ­­­ ­­ I ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­, ­­­­, ­ ­­­. ­'­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ .

­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ . ­ ­­­, ­ 䳿, ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­'­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ (. 37 ­­­­ ­­­ I). ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ , ­­ ­ (. 40 ­­­­ ­­­ I); ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ' ­ (. 51 ­­­­ ­­­ I); ­ , ­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ (. 54 ­­­­ ­­­ I).

ֳ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ̳­­­ ­­ ­ (. 8 ­­ ­­ ­). ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ , ­­ ­­ ­­ , ­ ­­­, ­­ ­ , ­, ­ (­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ 1899 1907 (. 23) ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ 1925 .); ­­­­ , ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ (­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ 1899 ­­­ ­ ).

­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ , ­ , ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­. ­ , ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­    ­, ­ , ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ , ­.

­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ (­ 1972 . ­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ () ­­ ­­; ­ 1993 . ­­­ ­­, ­­­­, ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­).

­ ­ . ­, ­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­­, ­­­­ ­­­­ ( ­ ­ , ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­). ­­­ ­­­ ­ , ­­­ ­ , '­­ ­ ­­­­ ­'­­ ­ (­­ ­ ­ ­­­ "­ ­ ­­­", ­­ ­­ ­­ ­).

­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ , ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ , ­­ ­­ ­­­­ , ­ ­ ­ ­ . ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, '­­ ­­.

­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ̳­­ ­­­­­ ­­ 8 ­ 1996 . ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­. ­­, ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ , ­­­ ­­­ 䳿, ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ , ­ ­­­ ­, , ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­.

­ ̳­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ( ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­).

­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ , ­­­, ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ 10 ­ 1980 . ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ , ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ :

I ­­: ­­, ­ ­­­, 1980 . (­­­ ­­­­ , ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­);

II ­­: ­­­ ­­­ , ­ ­ 1980 ., ­­­ 1996 . (­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ );

III ­­: ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ 1980 . (­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ' ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ );

IV ­­: ­ ­­ 1995 . (­­­ ­­­­ ­­ , ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­).

­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ , ­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­.

­­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ . ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ (.3 ­­ ­­ ­ 1949 . ­­­ ­­ II 1977 .), ­­­ ­ ­­­­ . ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­ (­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­' ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­).

­ ­ ­­ ­ ­⳿, ­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ , ­, ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­ . ­ ̳­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­⳿ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ 1993 . 1994 . ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­ , ­ ­­  ­ ­ , ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ .

­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ , ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ̳­­­ ­­ ­ (. 8, ­ "" "" ­­ ­­ ­).



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